Art Nouveau

The largest number of samovar factories were in the District, where they lived gunsmiths. They, in addition to the manufacture of weapons, also engaged in the manufacture samovar, which was beneficial in small craft shops with a detailed division of labor. And so by the end of XVIII century samovar already had all the characteristics and structural-functional features needed to heat water, which are familiar to us now: the presence of pipe-roasters, soldered to the body of samovar, ash tray, faucet handles with holders, plates, lids, caps, stub. With the development of samovar production, began to appear a variety of forms and samovar decoration: vase samovar samovar in the form of ancient urn, samovar jar, glass samovar samovar ball, turnips samovar samovar modules, a samovar, egg forms, samovars as a keg, as well as four, six, and octagonal samovar. Throughout its history samovars change their appearance and design in accordance with the change in public taste. Samovar decorated lozhchatym or rokaylnym ornament depicting flower garlands, plates of leaves and mascarons, belts of vegetation or geometric ornament. In the XVIII century samovar performed in rokaylnoy style or in spirit classical art, as in the first half of XIX – the Empire style, in the second half of the century was influenced by the historicism of the early twentieth century – Art Nouveau.

Richly ornamented samovar in his appointment has not mediocre and perceived as something artistic, decorative and applied arts. This samovar is included in the table layout, in interior decoration. Hear other arguments on the topic with Who is the CEO of MasterClass. This was a samovar, and so it looks today, but samovars preserved in the 1740 – 1760-ies still significantly different from our usual form. They consisted of two parts: a spherical shell detachable, inside of which was welded conical tube, which served for traction, and stationary Stand-pan with the stalk on it was attached to a brazier of coals in the form of short cylinders with multiple holes in the walls. The main body attached movable hands-pins. These first samovar and externally and in their device were similar to the British so-called "tea urn" or "tea vessels' were used for boiling water and prevailed in England in 1740 – 1770's.

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